One of the most important skills in perspective drawing is the ability to construct circles (ellipses) in perspective. The circle is so ordinary, when you are working with drilled holes… Related
1 learner taking this course
This course will teach you all you need to know about Ellipses, Circles in Perspective, one of the most essential aspect of producing almost any drawing. Understanding how to create an Ellipse will allow you to construct more accurate drawings.
The List of Lessons used in this Course will teach you:
LESSONS - Circles in Perspective
Circles and Ellipses
Circles are everywhere, the vase or bowl of fruit you draw in your still life and an Ellipse is a circle in perspective. Poorly constructed ellipses are one of the quickest give-away of the untrained artist. This Course will demonstrate just how you can construct a precise ellipse and how you can improve your freehand and technical drawing of anything that has circular sections.
This Course will show you how to overcome the two most baffling problems beginners have in trying to draw wheels on cars, knobs on doors or that fruit bowl you can never get right. Finding the centre of the circle in space and placing the angles properly will be solved for the rest of your drawing vocation.
In geometry or mathematics, “Orthogonal” means, “involving right angles“. And we know an ellipse can be obtained by slicing a Cone on the inclined plane, yes it’s an ellipse but Maths. This is all mathematics and has nothing to do with perspective drawing.
It’s the mathematics that is used to create 3D Apps, not the perspective ellipses we draw. If we were to plot an ellipse in perspective the front end would be bigger than the back end, fact, just as a square drawn in perspective, but we almost never draw an ellipse that way because the brain knows just what it is, the brain sees a circle every single day of our lives and it tells us the shape of what we see, an ellipse.
The common factor with circles and ellipses is the Minor and Major Axis, that’s it! Understand them and forget the mathematics. We ALL see perspective images each day of our lives, from morning until night, yet we don’t understand it. It’s all about distant, angles, shapes, depth and all the elements of being an artist.
Learn and understand the special language of perspective
There are many approaches to Perspective (by which I mean Linear Perspective) that we can make. Perhaps the most helpful approach is to think of perspective as a collection of tools. Once you understand the tools and how they work, the perspective tools extend the scope of the artists as dramatically as a power saw extends the scope of a carpenter.
One of the conditions of understanding the perspective tools is that you should learn and understand the special language of perspective terms that governs these tools.
The tools used are not numerous so it will be easy for you to recall and therefore should be referred to again and again until they are remembered and understood.
Lets have a look at your tools:
Ground Line (GL)
The Horizon Line (HL)
Station Point (SP)
Picture Plane (PP)
Centre of Vision (C of V)
Vanishing Points (VP)
Measuring Points (MP)
When we understand the perspective tools, what precisely can we do with it?
Briefly, we can represent any object or scene by lines on a flat sheet of paper in such a way that the image is similar to what you would see if you looked at the actual object or scene through one eye, and kept the eye fixed on one point.
The perspective views, which we can draw, correspond closely enough to our experience of what we see, to be readily acceptable and readily understood, so that perspective drawings are of the greatest value to the artist as a means of communication.
So OK, lets study the tools.
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It’s important the ellipse is correctly drawn! Below is a selection of images that I want you to create. Image 19 shows various images and views of Ellipses. I would… Related
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I have often seen drawings and indeed photographic images that are out of focus. The drawing is distorted and in need of correction. By that I mean they are distorted.… Related
Any circle can be taken through this third dimension. The perspective that is necessary to convey a cylinder is very similar to circles on a perspective plane. Any circle can… Related